They performed 23 different plays, some only once, and their most popular play of the season, The First Part of Hieronimo, based on Kyd's , 15 times. Originally William Kempe was intended to be the seventh partner, but he sold out his share to the four minority sharers, leaving them with more than the originally planned 10%. He did so as a chief shareholder in the company, and by doing so he helped to establish a uniquely successful form of commercial operation for the actors of the time. Cuthbert then went to Walter Cope, a trusted business man, and had Cope ask Hyde if Cuthbert could outright pay for the lease and own it himself. They were mostly open air and looked like an O from above. The Oregon Shakespeare Festival has had three Elizabethan theatres, all of them located on the site of the old Chautauqua domes of which there were also three.
The Elizabethan Era also saw the rise of the English navy with the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588. Though rhetorical instruction was intended as preparation for careers in civil service such as law, the rhetorical canons of memory and delivery , gesture and voice, as well as exercises from the , such as the , taught theatrical skills. With the building of new theatre facilities and the formation of new companies, London's total theatre capacity exceeded 10,000 after 1610. This was aided by the discovery as final plans were being made of the site of the original Globe itself. Between the 1560s and 1570s these schools had begun to perform for general audiences as well. However, for the more popular plays the price tended to be more expensive to accommodate a more select audience. Its first decade of use made it a favourite not just with subsequent generations of theatregoers but with the company itself.
One of the galleries, though sources do not state which, was divided into small compartments that could be used by the wealthy and aristocrats. The audience was sometimes charged a fee to watch the play, or a hat was passed around to collect money a bit like buskers do today. Design The plot of land on which the theatre sat was approximately square, 127 feet across and 129 feet deep. The establishment of large and profitable public theatres was an essential enabling factor in the success of English Renaissance drama. Brayne had advanced Burbage the money needed to build The Theatre, and in return, Brayne received a portion of the profits and owned some of the property Burbage married Brayne's daughter Ellen in 1575. It probably held between six to eight hundred people in the audience, with many standing in the open central pit around which were more expensive banked seating areas.
The reconstruction of the entire Globe was carefully researched so that the new building would be as close a replica as possible. When the Lord Chamberlain's Men built the Globe Theatre on the Bankside in 1599, however, the Rose was put into a difficult position. Due to modern Health and Safety regulations 1,300 people can be housed during a show, under half the estimated 3,000 of Shakespeare's time. Lyly's plays and others were, for a year or two, performed at the theatre before production at court. Giles Allen then sued Peter Street in January 1599 for trespassing on the property of the Theatre, stating that Street had no right to dismantle the Theatre and move the supplies. However, many of the major Elizabethan Actors such as William Shakespeare became stake holders in the theatres, such as the Globe Theatre, and the profits made them very wealthy men.
The open yard in front of the stage was cobbled and provided standing room for those paying a penny. Most of the theatres were built out of the public view outside the city premises. Perhaps as many as ten spectators would have encumbered the stage. Relatively little is known of their repertoire, except that it presumably included works by Farrant and perhaps Hunnis. These theatres could hold several thousand people, most standing in the open pit before the stage, though rich nobles could watch the play from a chair set on the side of the stage itself.
The Globe was owned by many actors, who except for one were also shareholders in the Lord Chamberlain's Men. The making of the first Elizabethan theatre can be accredited to James Burbage and his brother in-law in 1576. The tiring-house had glazed windows; the manner of its attachment to the stage is unknown but presumably similar to that of the Swan. By the late 1980s it became clear that audiences in the Elizabethan Stage were having more difficulty hearing the actors because of ever-rising ambient noise. The Swan was located on the west end of the Bankside district of Southwark, across the River Thames from the City of London. So, the female roles were enacted by young men who would dress themselves up in women clothing.
The Rose was used briefly by Worcester's Men in 1602 and 1603; when the lease ran out on The Rose in 1605 it was abandoned. Hunnis continued to produce plays at the site until 1583, when he sold his lease to Henry Evans. The Red Lion was a receiving house for touring companies, whereas The Theatre accepted long term engagements, essentially in repertory. An unusual concentration of plays with the latter sort of staging requirement can be associated with the Rose, indicating that the Rose had an enhanced capacity for this particularity of stagecraft. The audience now feels empowered, knowing more about the events on stage than most of the characters do. The Burbages originally had a 20-year lease of the site on which the Theatre was built. The theater offered other popular entertainments, such as swashbuckling competitions and bear-baiting, and by 1632 it had been pulled down.
Under , the drama was a unified expression as far as social class was concerned: the Court watched the same plays the commoners saw in the public playhouses. The reason for this was for the acting companies to control salary costs, or to be able to perform under conditions where resources such as other actor companies lending actors were not present. By the the Restoration, it had partially collapsed, and the masters of Dulwich sold what remained as scrap. Entrances and exits were at two doors at the rear tiring house and not the side wings, as is the case in modern theatre. The companies were forced to tour to survive, and some, like Pembroke's Men, fell on hard times.
In the Elizabethan era, there was a law stating that certain classes could only wear clothing fitting of their status in society. Masques were allegorical stories about an event or person involving singing, acting and dancing. In 1628, a protege of Buckingham was assaulted by a mob after leaving a performance there. Solon and Thespis: Law and Theater in the English Renaissance. The theatres were either octagonal or circular in shape having 8 to 24 sides and about up to 100 feet in diameter.
Play Within A Play This Elizabethan convention was a playwriting technique used by Shakespeare and others that involved the staging of a play inside the play itself. Anything that was controversial or political was likely to get him in trouble with the Crown! The rich could afford to buy seats in the gallery, whereas the poor had to make do with standing by the stage. Some inns became full-time theatres with plays being performed on a regular basis. Elizabethan Theatre Facts It all differed from class to class. There are some facts about Elizabethan theatre that might be interesting to find out.