His cousin Thomas Pitt recalled that 'he was diffuse and argumentative, and never had done with a subject after he had convinced your judgment till he wearied your attention. Edmund Burke, in his famous speech of 19 April 1774 on American taxation, agreed that Mr Grenville was a first-rate figure in this country. The happy couple had four sons and five daughters: the second son, , succeeded to Stowe in 1779 and was created marquess of Buckingham in 1784; the fourth son, , became Lord Grenville in 1790 and prime minister in 1806. Bute wrote: Your eyes will see and from you I shall hear the transactions of each day. As Britain was trying to recover from the costs of the Seven Years War and now in dire need of finances for the British army in the American colonies, Grenville's most immediate task was to restore the nation's finances.
The Americans are the sons, not the bastards of England. The Commons condemned the libel and expelled Wilkes by large majorities. The gentleman mentioned the stockholders. George Grenville: A Political Life. Edward Potts Cheyney 1861-1947 Boston: Ginn, 1935, 1922 , 623—625.
Aware of this royal antipathy, Grenville behaved as a man free to declare his opinions regardless of consequences. He was a man born to public business, which was his luxury and amusement. A conventional explanation has long been that his talents were not suited to international diplomacy. This is the fund that carried you triumphantly through the last war. But by mid-1764 Grenville was becoming aware of failure as would-be favourite—he said to James Harris on 11 June that his years compared to the King 52 to 26 did not promise any great degree of intimacy as a favourite, that if it were feasible to become so, he had not time for that character, and to do the public business—that he was perfectly well with Lord Bute. Of this the King informed Grenville when asked by him on 28 Aug. The prime minister, Sir Robert Walpole, dubbed them the Boy Patriots.
When parliament resumed in November 1766 Grenville launched almost alone a campaign against the legality of a royal proclamation of 24 September forbidding the export of grain. I know not how it is, but there is a modesty in this House which does not choose to contradict a minister. Accounts vary as to the exact number of children they had. They have spoken their sentiments with freedom against this unhappy act, and that freedom has become their Crime. Harris wrote in a memorandum on the crisis of May-July 1765, under date of 23 May: Great encomiums of Mr.
Sorry I am to hear the libery of speech in this house, imputed as a crime. But in the negotiations of March 1763 Grenville showed his mettle and secured some key concessions. Grenville was nearly 50, and had never stood alone. I am no courtier of America. I am no courtier of America; I stand up for this kingdom. The stamp duty was payable on newspapers, many legal documents, shipping cargo lists, and numerous sundry items. Prominent measures of his administration included the prosecution of and the passing of the American , which led to the first symptoms of alienation between and Great Britain.
Grenville was determined to bring an end to British involvement in the trade. In the House, however, during the years 1766-9, Grenville was one of the most frequent speakers. The conversation with the King as related in the Grenville diary on 8 Sept. If they do not, perhaps the collective body may begin to abate of its respect for the representative. It was a post for which his parliamentary expertise well suited him. When it ceases to be sovereign and supreme, I would advise every gentleman to sell his lands, if he can, and embark for that country.
He ought to have desisted from his project. Grenville, who was also sworn of the privy council on 21 June, was by then deemed second to Pitt in their Commons faction. Not that there were wanting some, when I had the honor to serve his Majesty, to propose to me to burn my fingers with an American stamp act. His attitude in the Stamp Act crisis of 1765—6, one of alarm and anger at American defiance, led him into blunders. The gentleman tells us, America is obstinate; America is almost in open rebellion. It was his motion on 26 Jan. The political world thought Grenville would be a dummy minister, with Bute the power behind the throne.
In March 1763 he suffered a public humiliation at Pitt's hands in a discussion of a new cider tax. Biography When Richard Grenville returned from his grand tour, he found that his wealthy uncle, Lord Cobham, who had married the heiress of , considered that he too should marry, in view of the distressed state of his affairs. He might have taken a higher example in Wales -- Wales, that never was taxed by Parliament till it was incorporated. The cabinet was split over Pitt's demand for a pre-emptive naval strike against Spain, which was preparing to side with France in the war. Will you quarrel with yourselves, now the whole house of Bourbon is united against you; while France disturbs your fisheries in Newfoundland, embarrasses your slave trade to Africa, and withholds from your subjects in Canada their property stipulated by treaty; while the ransom for the Manillas is denied by Spain, and its gallant conqueror basely traduced into a mean plunderer! I have been obliged to his dilligent researches: but, for the defence of liberty, upon a general principle, upon a constitutional principle, it is a ground on which I stand firm; on which I dare meet any man. The gentleman asks, When were the colonies emancipated? William Pitt the elder, later Earl of Chatham, had won great glory in his first ministry, which had laid the basis of victory in the Seven Year's War. Although they had been around since early 1765, this brotherhood of American patriots did not form into an organized group until November of the same year.